GeoOilGate

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Petroleum Industry

General

Oil and natural gas are major industries in the energy market and play an influential role in the global economy as the world’s primary fuel sources. The processes and systems involved in producing and distributing oil and gas are highly complex, capital-intensive, and require state-of-the-art technology. Historically, natural gas has been linked to oil, mainly because of the production process or upstream side of the business. The industry is often divided into three segments: upstream, the business of oil and gas exploration and production; midstream, transportation and storage; and downstream, which includes refining and marketing.

DRILLING RIGS

Drilling Rigs
The term “rig” therefore generally refers to the complex equipment that is used to penetrate the surface of the Earth’s crust. A drilling rig is an integrated system that drills wells, such as oil or water wells, in the earth’s subsurface. Drilling rigs can be massive structures housing equipment used to drill water wells, oil wells, or natural gas extraction wells. Drilling rigs can sample subsurface mineral deposits, test rock, soil and groundwater physical properties, and also can be used to install sub-surface fabrications, such as underground utilities, instrumentation, tunnels or wells. Drilling rigs can be mobile equipment mounted on trucks, tracks or trailers, or more permanent land or marine-based structures (such as oil platforms, commonly called ‘offshore oil rigs’ even if they don’t contain a drilling rig).

NATURAL GAS

natural gas
Natural gas is a naturally occurring hydrocarbon gas mixture consisting of methane and commonly including varying amounts of other higher alkanes, and sometimes a small percentage of carbon dioxide, nitrogen, hydrogen sulfide, or helium. Natural gas is colorless and odorless, and explosive, so a sulfur-smell (similar to rotten eggs) is usually added for early detection of leaks. Natural gas is formed when layers of decomposing plant and animal matter are exposed to intense heat and pressure under the surface of the Earth over millions of years. The energy that the plants originally obtained from the sun is stored in the form of chemical bonds in the gas. Natural gas is a fossil fuel.

OFFSHORE ENGINEERING

Offshore Engineering
The offshore drilling industry is involved in an unprecedented construction and drilling boom. Hundreds of millions of dollars are being spent to capture the much-needed energy supplies. The technology for drilling and producing in deeper waters and in more hostile environments is rapidly expanding. Offshore Engineering is the engineering discipline that deals with the design and construction of structures intended to work in a stationary position in the ocean environment. The majority of offshore structures are used in the Oil and Gas industry and for Offshore Wind Turbines.

GAS PURIFICATION

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EQUIPMENTS

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HEALTH, SAFETY & ENVIRONMENTAL PETROLEUM INDUSTRY

Health, Safety and Environmental Petroleum Industry
Practical safety trials/measures are not satisfactory to protect human, economic plus environmental assets in the oil and gas industry. Upholding Health Safety and Environment (HSE) as an alternative approach is of great importance. The aim of Health Safety Environment (HSE) is to evaluate, manage safety culture among the employees of an oil &gas sector. Improving safety, not only psychological and personal factors, organization and environmental factors should carefully be investigated, the actual problem be identified, appropriate solving methodologies be implemented, ultimately incidents rates will reduce. Individual unsafe behaviors, pervasive organization defects lie behind the majority causes of the hazards. Though many DOES and DON’TS have been anticipated in HSE policy, people have negative belief.